Non-judgmental Self-Acceptance as a Shame-Shifter. Rivka A. Edery, Psy.D. (Candidate), M.S.W., L.C.S.W.

Based on the extensive research and data available, psychologists consider that shame cultivates the need for approval from others.  Shame can result when a person senses, or experiences, that someone disapproves of them or something about them.  Shame also can result when a person actually did something shameful, like doing harm or damage to a person, their property, or to animals.  A person can also experience shame as an adult when something happens that they have little or no control over (Ungvarsky, 2019).